Aivazovsky that you have never seen in the book "the Unknown Rockwell", published on the 200th anniversary of the artist

In publishing the SLOVO year he published a book Gianni Cafiero and Ivan Samarin "Unknown Aivazovsky". The publication was prepared with the participation of the auction house Sotheby's and is dedicated to the upcoming bicentennial of Ivan Aivazovsky and a Grand exhibition of his paintings in the Tretyakov gallery on the Crimean Shaft. The authors – top experts on the work of the great marine painter. The difference of this book from other biographical books about Aivazovsky in the first place that the life of an artist considered in the context of the era. But in this case – almost a century. After all, the hero of the story "born in the age of Napoleon, David and Beethoven, and died in the era of Lenin, Picasso and Stravinsky" (Ivan Samarin). This unique book makes an extensive collection of reproductions, most of which the public will be able to see for the first time, as works are in private collections and never exhibited in public galleries.

About the authors of the book "the Unknown Rockwell"

Ivan Samarin – origin Russian, an Irishman, a native of Vienna, grandnephew of the famous girl with peaches Faith Mammoth. For many years he held the position of expert on Russian art at British auction house Sotheby's. Currently, the founder of the Department of Russian art Sotheby's John Stuart heads a consulting company Russian Art Consultancy specializing in the evaluation of works of art and consultancy in the field of Russian art. "The idea of a parallel timeline was to highlight the most significant events in the hope that the works of Aivazovsky can be some repercussions"– explains the idea of historical Parallels in the book about Aivazovsky, Ivan Samarin.

Gianni Cafiero – one of the most competent experts on Aivazovsky in the West, consultant to auction houses and galleries on the issues of creativity Aivazovsky and attribution of his works. "For contemporaries Michelangelo was something of a Steven Spielberg – supplier of fantastic visual images, a master, able to capture on a two dimensional canvas an incredible adventure, immersing the audience in an exciting atmosphere"– explains one of the reasons for the popularity of the hero of the book, Gianni Cafiero.
Presentation of the book "the Unknown Rockwell". Ivan Samarin and Jann, Cafiero on the background of a picture of Ayvazovsky "Capri". Moscow office Sotheby's auction house.
Photo: publishing "Evening Moscow".

"Unknown Rockwell" for lovers

Do something radically new for those who closely studied the life and work of Ivan Aivazovsky? Yes, and it will be due to specific books: a comparison of biographical facts historical events and gives you a new perspective on the life path of Ivan Aivazovsky. Also experts the biography of Aivazovsky will appreciate the colorful, vivid descriptions of interesting episodes from the life of the artist. Drastic new information about the life of Michelangelo scholars of his biography is unlikely to find. However, some of the episodes and they can become open and interesting touch to the portrait of Aivazovsky, and the historical context of the era would shift the emphasis in the interpretation of known facts.

Fairly disclosed in detail the relations of the hero with the great of this world, and it is about famous events visit the Royal family in Feodosia and Sudak (Archiv talked about it here), and about little-known episodes. For example, the parts about European travel Aivazovsky in 1878:

"In the middle of December he arrived in Frankfurt, where he stayed for long enough to write ten paintings that were later exhibited in the city, and earned money the author gave to the poor. Then he sent his paintings in Munich, Aivazovsky went to Stuttgart, the Palace daughter of Nicholas I, Olga Nicholaevna, Queen of württemberg (married to Charles I, king of Württemberg). During dinner arranged in his honor, Olga chided the artist for his decision to stay in Frankfurt, not her husband, after which Aivazovsky agreed to move in with him and hold the exhibition in Stuttgart. He wrote two paintings to the Royal couple, was awarded the medal of württemberg, and then left for Munich".

And, of course, even the most devoted admirers of Aivazovsky will find in the book, many previously unseen reproductions – a total of about 200, and very little of them was available to the General public.

Another interesting point: Samarin and Cafiero not agree with the popular interpretation of Aivazovsky departure from St. Petersburg in his native Feodosia, stating that the artist wished to live away from the Imperial court, because nothing good for the freedom of the Creator is not ended. The authors of the smash to smithereens this heroic version and note: "According to the testimony of neighbors, the artist in old age differed Patriarchal and commitment to the discipline, that is, in essence, was a man of the epoch of Nicholas I, from the despotism which, on the assurances of Soviet historians, he allegedly wanted to hide in the Crimea. (.....) If Michelangelo really want to leave the "suffocating atmosphere" of St. Petersburg, he could settle in Italy, as did Shchedrinand Bryullov or, at the very least, opt for a more picturesque part of Crimea, for example, Alupka, Alushta or Yalta". However, the theory of "escapes from the yard," the authors are understanding, suggesting that in the Soviet reality, it was hardly possible to write a biography of a successful, wealthy, favored by the authorities of the artist, criticizing the tsarist era.

The book presents more than 200 works of Aivazovsky - many of them will be the opening. Here are a few of those that are able to surprise:

Ivan Aivazovsky. Lions in the desert
Lions in the desert
1874, 56×67 cm

See also: Aivazovsky without the sea. What else wrote the famous marine painter

That inexperienced reader learns from the book "the Unknown Rockwell"

"Inexperienced" in this case means someone who specifically studied the biography of the great marine painter. Yes, indeed, the life story of Aivazovsky and learns, and it is collected under one cover, written in an excellent language, and considered in a historical context: this gift album, but it is not only filled with spectacular reproductions, but also information about the artist. However, there are pages of life Aivazovsky, which in this book are not affected in such detail as some other authors.

What silent Samarin and Cafiero?

What the reader will not find in the book "the Unknown Rockwell" is scandalous sensationalism, stories about the close relations Aivazovsky with friends Lee, women do and digging in the dirty linen. But the wives of the artist, the authors will tell you. However, the narrative it will be very modest, perhaps even too restrained. For example, about the sensational marriage of the famous marine painter to the governess reported more than simple: "In the same year, he married Julia Graves, a girl of Scottish descent who came to Russia with his parents in the reign of Alexander I".

About some awkward moments, according to the authors mentioned, but do it subtly and gracefully, not in the style of the tabloids certainly. For example, such a charming episode - Aivazovsky received the order, for which needed the model in the costume of Greek women: "He asked to pose for the wife of a Belgian lawyer, MS D. in the Middle of the session in the room suddenly came the Emperor. Caught unawares in the lady tried to curtsy, in spite of his exotic outfit, but tripped and fell. Nicholas took Aivazovsky aside and said: "Badsome very badsome. Who is this?" The artist said that this outfit needed for his paintings. "Yes, of course, smiled Nicholas, – and the lady is not bad... for a picture".
Page from the book "the Unknown Rockwell" autographed by the artist.

The autograph will give?

The book presents a catalogue of paintings by Ivan Aivazovsky, which is hardly a publication can compete: due to the nature of its auction activities, Cafiero and Samarin were able to access works that are otherwise highly problematic at least to see. Impressive catalogue of autographs – a unique Chapter of the book. For a long life Aivazovsky his way to sign the painting has changed several times. The authors tell about the different types of autographs Aivazovsky, analyze the motives of the artist that prompted you to use a particular signature on a particular pattern. For example, one of the most ambitious paintings of Aivazovsky "the Ninth wave" autograph-inscribed on a fragment of the mast. The artist used such bright colors, have created such a spectacular way that a more standard location of a signature or would be lost, or supposed to be so bright that would be the dissonance in the picture.

Why are some paintings signed in Cyrillic and others in Latin? What is the meaning of the abbreviated signature? Can the original Aivazovsky to be without an autograph? And why can they? The authors answer these questions in the Chapter on autographs.
"The ninth wave" Aivazovsky: fragment of autograph.

Fake fake discord, or a Couple of words about the attribution

Samarin and Cafiero do not agree with the opinion of many researchers, according to which Aivazovsky often signed pictures of their students, could add a couple of touches to written assistant or even without additions to supply your autograph. Note that such statements are voiced not only researchers, but also the descendants of the seascape. Junior grandson Kostya was Aivazovsky favorite. According to the recollections of a cousin Mikhail Latri Aivazovsky was able to play a joke on the buyer, handed him the work of Bones, which he signed, and sometimes made even a couple of edits.

The fake Aivazovsky, the authors divided into two types: original paintings, which were written by other artists, affixed later on they signed "under Aivazovsky" the picture, originally conceived as a fake Aivazovsky. How experts detect forgeries, what pitfalls emerge with the attribution of paintings, which is worse – to recognize the original of the forgery or deny the painting of dubious origin the authenticity of the authors of the book have something to say on this topic. "So I would like to make the process of attribution was a kind of grinding, leading us eventually to the truth, but in reality all is far not so smoothly - write Samarin and Cafiero. - Controversy and opposing opinions will be always: despite the fact that the vast majority of experts atributiruemy artist the bulk of his work, there will always be those who disagree with this conclusion".

Title illustration: On the back cover of the book - kratina Aivazovskogo "A night in Cairo".

Author: Alain Grosheva